In a recent study it has been reported that subjects who consumed large portions of Sugar as a total percentage of their daily calories are at a higher risk of succumbing to Cardiovascular disease. The study also concluded that frequent consumption of sugar containing beverages up to seven serving or more per week is also a reason for high cardiovascular disease mortality rate.
Americans consumed more sugar which added up the total calories and has been a cause of concern to health authorities. Experts have not been able to come to a consensus on a safe percentage of calories which must come from sugar. On one hand the Institute of Medicine recommends no more than 25%, whereas the World Health Organization recommends no more than 10%.
The study was conducted to find a relationship between cardiovascular disease mortality and the consumption of added sugar as a percentage of total daily calories in a nationally representative sample. The study revealed that those who consumed 20% of calories from added sugar had a higher risk of cardiovascular disease as compared to persons who consumed about 8% of total calories from added sugar. The study also revealed that those who consumed seven or more sugar-sweetened beverages per week are more likely to succumb to cardiovascular disease than those who consume one serving per week.
The study consisted of a well-validated interview process for data collection from a number of participants. The researchers also made allowances for a number of variables and adjusted accordingly to ascertain if added sugar was an independent risk factor in cardiovascular disease mortality. The investigators relied on medical history to determine whether cardiovascular disease was the cause of death, which also can introduce uncertainty.
The study included subjects from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III Linked Mortality cohort, and data was collected from 1988-2006. A total of 11,733 participants were included in the study.
The study found that under three-fourths of adults consumed 10% or more of daily calories from added sugar. In the median follow up of 14.3 years there were 831 cardiovascular disease deaths documents during 163,039 person-years. After making allowances for a number of variables, including demographic and living style variables and analysis of the statistical division of the percentage of daily calories consumed from added sugar it was concluded that most US adults consume more added sugar than what can be termed as a healthy diet. A significant relationship between added sugar consumption and increased risk for cardiovascular disease mortality was established.