In a one of its kind report, World Health Organisation (WHO) says that every 40 seconds, a person commits suicides. The yearly figure of suicide deaths counts to 800, 000 worldwide.
The report suggests that men above 50 years of age are more prone to suicides, while in the poor and middle income countries the younger people were vulnerable to end their lives. The report also establishes that women aged 70 years and above are more probable to commit suicide than women of 15-29 years. Hanging and firearms are still the most common methods of suicide. “Suicidal people are often ambivalent about living or dying. Someone may act impulsively by drinking pesticides, for instance, and die a few days later, even though they would have liked to live on,” the WHO report reads.
This report does not only state suicidal number, but also provides preventive measures to curb suicides. The suggestions include building barriers in bridges, strengthening medical networks, etc. “This report is a call for action to address a large public health problem which has been shrouded in taboo for far too long” said Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO.
The report suggests that suicides are caused by uncertainty navigating burgeoning adulthood, dealing with the crippling effects of a failing body and deceased loved ones. The suicide ratio in the most economically developed countries among male and female is 3:1.
The 92-page document establishes that suicides are the 15th most common cause of death worldwide and also the second-highest reason for death for young people aged 15-29.
In the South Eastern underdeveloped Asian countries, young adults and elderly woman are more prone to end their lives. The WHO also criticizes the over-the-top cover of celebrity suicides.
“No matter where a country currently stands in suicide prevention”, said Dr Alexandra Fleischmann, Scientist in the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO, “effective measures can be taken, even just starting at local level and on a small-scale”.