The Norwegian polar institute – Researchers send a ship known as “The Lance” to conduct a research about the Arctic ice. The reason being that they believe that the transformation from permanent ice to a thinner or ‘younger’ ice sheet which vanishes in summer might degrade the changes of climate by substantial proportions- reveals studies!
The Norwegian Polar Institution, namely a government agency has said that they send the ship from November 2014 to March 2015. They allowed it to be frozen in the ice near about the Nordaustlandet, an island in North Norway as a part of the investigation to understand the ice movement.
As per the statistics, experts have further said that the Arctic is entering into what they classify as the “new era.” They have expressed that with temperatures rise, the ice sheets covering the ocean is getting thinner.
Ever since the beginning of the year, the research ship “The Lance” has said to be drifting in the thin ice surface to enlighten the scientists about the kind of changes the region is undergoing.
The science editor of BBC David Shukman was said to be given some special access to the research and on account of that is said to have spoken with the director of the project Jan-Gunnar Winther.
Also it is believed that scientists involved with this operation have reported to the BBC that the transformation of permanent or older ice sheet to this newer and thinner one is adversely affecting the biological diversity of the Arctic region.
Also Haakon Hop, the Norwegian biologist told BBC that, “Typically, there’s much less life underneath first year ice — multiyear ice is more complex, with more ridging and typically has more animal life.”
These Norwegian scientists have already discovered that the newly formulated ice layer in comparison to the older ice surface is reflecting about 10 % less solar energy.
They say that around 50 % of the energy is said to be absorbed by the ice which as a result is causing it to melt rapidly.
While the remainder of the half is submerging in the ocean and causing a potential raise in depth temperatures also. Perhaps this is what they believe to be the main cause for the rapid rate of climate changes.