One has been hearing a lot about obesity and its associated problems. However not much is talked about Underweight or skinny people, a condition which is as dangerous as obesity.
In fact according to a 5 year long research which was conducted under the leadership of Dr Joel Ray has concluded that the underweight conditions are even more dangerous than overweight conditions. According to figures, the fatality rates among the underweight category are almost twice that of persons with normal Body Mass Index. Persons with a BMI of 18.5 or less are likely to suffer more complications which can lead to morbidity and death as compared to persons with a BMI in between 18.9 and 24.9.
The study was conducted under the aegesis of St Michael’s Hospital and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute. The study included 51 subjects. The research revealed that persons with a BMI in between 30 and 34.9 have a 1.2 times greater likelihood of death as compared to normal people. A highly overweight person with a BMI of 35 or above have a 1.3 times risk of death as compared to a normal person.
The study also brought out an interesting fact and it is that most underweight were habitual boozers and/or drug addicts, were malnourished, economically compromised, chain smokers and have poor self esteem.
Dr Joel Ray observed that with the focus of the medical community on the obesity epidemic , the community is also obligated to look into an epidemic of underweight adults who are untreated because of lack of awareness and underweight is equally if not more dangerous than obesity.
The study was basically conceived to deduce a relationship between the BMI and fatalities related to it. The report has been published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health. The study involved underweight subjects who were evaluated for a period of five years. The study excluded persons suffering from chronic lung diseases or cardiovascular disease or cancer and also included underweight fetuses and still born infants who were observed to check if it was related with the BMI of the Mother.