On Monday, Nicaraguan officials announced plans to join the Paris climate accord, leaving the US, the world’s largest economy, and Syria, as the only countries not to have agreed to the pact.
Rosario Murrilo, the country’s vice-president and first lady, said Monday that the necessary documents had already been handed to the United Nations.
“It is the only instrument we have in the world that allows the unity of intentions and efforts to face up to climate change and natural disasters,” Murillo said.
President Daniel Ortega has said last week that country planned to sign the accord, saying “It is time for Nicaragua to sign the Paris Agreement.”
“Scientists from more developed countries, scientists working at Nasa, European scientists, everyone agrees that we must stop the process that is leading to the destruction of the planet.”
US President Trump announced plans in June to withdraw from the agreement.
Nicaragua was the only country to refuse the agreement in 2015, contending that the deal failed to take the drastic action necessary to fight climate change. In particular, Nicaragua argued that the agreement did not ask enough from wealthier countries in the effort to limit climate change. This view is diametrically opposed to Donald Trump’s reasons for withdrawing from the agreement, having cited concerns that it would put American businesses at a disadvantage. In June, Trump said the agreement would cost 6. 5 million jobs and 3 trillion dollars in lost GDP. He argued countries like China and India were treated more favorably in the deal.
The central American nation is often threatened by hurricanes, which scientists have said may become more intense as a result of climate change.It is considered to be among the nations most vulnerable to the dangerous effects of climate change.
The agreement aims to limit temperature increases to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with an aspirational target of 1.5 degrees.
Over half of Nicaragua’s electricity is produced by renewable energy such as wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, and wave power.
The agreement stipulates that no country can withdraw from the deal until November 4th of 2020, just a few months before the end of Donald Trump’s first term. The White House has said it will respect those terms, and some officials have indicated the administration may reconsider its decision to withdraw.
White House officials will visit Germany next month to discuss climate change, despite plans to withdraw from the deal.